Part one. Structure. Scope. towards a definition of national security -- Three generations of national security law -- Hard dilemmas -- Dilemmas. Part I : the relationship between national security and rights. Security as the foundation for rights -- Rights as the foundation for security -- The concept of synergy -- Part II : national security dilemmas. Preserving democracy in combatting tyranny -- Deploying the rule of law in reacting to chaos -- Preserving rights in defending freedom -- Protecting people while leaving them alone -- Acting transparently in responding covertly -- Acting decisively in a fog of war -- Conclusion : the dangers of utilitarianism -- Institutions. part II : United Nations framework. United Nations system -- Security council powers and authority -- Part II : overview of the Canadian framework. Division of powers between federal and provincial levels -- The separation of powers -- Part III : federal agencies and bodies. Privy Council Office -- Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces -- Public safety Canada and its specialized agencies -- Global Affairs Canada -- Other federal departments and agencies -- Part two. Threats. Aggression -- Part I : limitations on use of force -- Part II : exceptions to the limitations on use of force. UN Security Council authorization -- Self-defence -- Terrorism. Part I : terrorism and national security -- Part II : terrorism and international law. The challenge of definition -- The international law of anti-terrorism in historical context -- Piecemeal anti-terrorism conventions -- General anti-terrorism treaty obligations -- Part III : terrorism and Canadian law. Pre-9/11 Criminal Code provisions -- UN Act regulations -- Criminal Code -- Civil remedies -- Interference. Part I : treason, sedition, and subversion. treason and sedition -- Neutrality law -- Enforcement -- Part II : foreign influence. International law issues -- Political interference -- Part III : espionage and sabotage. International law issues -- Sabotage offences -- Espionage offences -- Proliferation. Part I : weapons proliferation and national security -- Part II : regulation of non-state use and possession of WMD. international treaties -- UN Security Council action -- Canadian implementation -- Part III : regulation of use and possession of WMD by states. nuclear weapons -- Chemical weapons -- Biological weapons -- Part IV : controls on technology transfer. international export controls -- Emergencies. Part I : public health law. international law -- Canadian public health laws -- Part II : emergency and disaster laws. Emergency powers and international law -- Emergency powers and the constitution -- Provincial and territorial emergency and disaster laws -- Federal emergency laws -- Part three. Information. Source. Part I : protection of human sources. criminal informants -- Human sources protection CSIS justification regime -- Part II : limits on interrogation. International human rights standards -- Standards in international humanitarian law -- Canadian standards -- Search. Part I : constitutional protections. Reasonable expectation of privacy -- Reasonableness -- Part II : lawful searches and seizures. Lawful searches and seizures under the Criminal Code of Canada -- Lawful searches and seizures under the CSIS Act -- Lawful searches at the border -- Lawful searches by the CSE under its “assistance mandate” -- Part III : lawful seizures from third parties. Criminal Code seizures -- Disclosure of journalistic source information -- Commercial passenger information -- Information related to terrorist financing -- Part IV : foreign intelligence collection. Global Affairs Canada -- Communications security establishment -- Canadian security intelligence service -- Part V : defence intelligence -- Share. Part I : general legal considerations. Constitutional principles -- The Privacy Act -- The intelligence-to-evidence dilemma -- Part II : information sharing among states. UN Security Council resolutions -- Mutual legal assistance treaty process -- Intelligence-sharing arrangements -- Part III : information sharing among federal agencies. Security of Canada Information Disclosure Act -- Information sharing by security intelligence agencies -- Withhold. Part I : closed government. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms -- Access to Information Act -- Privacy Act -- Protecting information -- Part II : closed courts. closed proceedings -- Section 38 of the Canada Evidence Act -- Part four. Response. Screen. Part I : Government security. Government security screening model -- Part II : immigration and citizenship security screening. Immigration screening -- Citizenship Act screening -- Part III : transportation security screening. Transportation facility access screening -- Aviation passenger screening -- Passports -- Restrain. Part I : international principles relevant to detention. international human rights standards -- Canadian constitutional standards -- Part II : restraining foreigners. Inadmissibility proceedings -- Security certificates -- Removal to torture -- Part III : restraining anyone. Anti-terror peace bonds (recognizance with conditions) -- Preventive detention and recognizance with conditions -- Interrupt. Part I : law enforcement interrupt tools. Investigative interruption -- Law enforcement justification for illegality -- Part II : CSIS threat reduction. A brief history of security intelligence disruption -- The 2015 changes -- The 2019 reform -- Part III : active and defensive cyber operations -- Prosecute. Part I : national security prosecutions in Canada -- Part II : investigations and prosecutions. Police investigations -- Crown prosecutions -- Part III : disclosure and the intelligence-to-evidence dilemma. "First party" or Stinchcombe disclosure -- "Third party" or O'Connor disclosure -- Judicial authorizations and disclosure -- Part IV : sentencing. sentencing for terrorism offences -- Rehabilitation -- Force. Part I : force by law enforcement -- Part II : use of force by the Canadian Armed Forces in domestic operations. Deploying the military -- Legal standards limiting force -- Part III : use of force by the CAF in international operations. Deploying the military -- Legal standards limiting force -- Part five. Accountability. Review. Part I : review principles -- Part II : history of specialized review in Canada. Review of the executive -- Review of national security agencies -- Part III : modern review and oversight. National Security and Intelligence Review Agency -- National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians -- Intelligence Commissioner.